Considered to be Bucharest’s finest museum, the Museum of the Romanian Peasant displays a wonderful collection of traditional peasant artefacts from all over Romania. It includes textiles, carvings, ceramics, peasant costumes, icons and artwork, as well as partially restored houses and churches. Among the most attractive exhibits are the 18th century windmill and the wooden church typical for the region of Maramureș.
Housed by an imposing building dating from the inter-war period, the Museum of the Romanian Peasant is the oldest ethnographic museum in Romania. Established by the 1906 Royal decree issued by King Carol I, it had various names throughout the years: the Museum of Ethnography, National Art, Decorative Art and Industrial Art, the Ethnography and National Art Museum and Carol I National Art Museum, and was also differently employed. In 1941, the actual building of the museum was finalized. It embodied the Neo-Romanian style inspired by the traditional architectural background, especially the Brâncovenesc one, decorated with elegant floral and zoomorphic elements.
Since 1953 it served as the Lenin-Stalin Museum, then as Museum of the Romanian Communist Party and Museum of the Democratic and Revolutionary Movement in Romania, only to reach, towards the final years of the communist regime, a sort of tribute to Nicolae Ceaușescu. During this period, the collections were sheltered inside the Știrbey Palace on Victory Avenue, where they embodied the Museum of Folk Art of the Romanian Socialist Republic, or in the deposits of the Village Museum.
After the 1989 Revolution, the museum became popular not only inside the borders, but also in the whole world. Its great international recognition came in 1996, when it received the European Museum of the Year Award. Among the museum’s exhibits, visitors can admire a collection of 19th century wooden icons from Wallachia, over 7,000 painted eggs, and also 6 wooden churches (four kept “in situ” and two inside the museum). The “Foreign Countries” section comprises over 4,000 traditional objects, used for domestic and decorative purposes, coming from international collaborations. They offer the grounds for a better understanding of the other peoples and how they contribute to the world’s cultural heritage.
Those who think that they won’t find anything except for the traditional folk costumes and some dusty pictures are wrong. The Museum of the Romanian Peasant is perhaps the most modern and dynamic museum in Bucharest. It impresses through its collections of different crafts, by inviting the visitors to sit at a desk from a countryside school or to get in the grandmother’s attic. The permanent and temporary exhibitions, the traditional fairs, the children activities and those related to promoting the products of the Romanian peasant and the cultural manifestation – they all make the Museum of the Romanian Peasant one of the most important in the country and beyond!
Tuesday – Sunday: 10:00 – 18:00
Adults: 8 lei
Pupils, students, Euro 26 card holders: 2 lei
Seniors: 3 lei
Free: on the 26th of each month
How to get there:
By metro: Take the M2 or M3 metro lines to Victory Square.
By bus: Take bus #182 to Pasaj Victoria station, bus #300, #381 or #783 to Piața Victoriei station.
By tram: Take tram #1 or #46 to Pasaj Victoria station.
Fax: +40 213 179 660 sau +40 213 129 875