The Blacksmiths’ Bastion, erected in 1521 and situated in the north-western part of Braşov’s citadel, is an imposing medieval building. The pentagonal, 3-leveled building was first mentioned in a document dating from 1529.
Throughout the years, it suffered many transformations, being destroyed and rebuilt several times. It is thought that the actual bastion lies on the spot of an older tower, dating from 1521, which was destroyed by the flood that affected Braşov in 1526. It was rehabilitated and enlarged in 1527 and then again later, in 1668, after another torrential rain destroyed the tower’s fortifications. In the 18th century, the bastion was used only for non-military purposes, as cereal deposit and even dwelling.
After many transformations, it reached its actual form. Since 1923, the monument hosts the city’s archives, brought here from the Council House situated in the Council Square. The archives include the letter of Neacşu from Câmpulung, the oldest document written in Romanian, dating from 1521. However, the oldest document housed in the Blacksmiths’ Bastion is not Neacşu’s letter, but the privilege given by King Louis (Ludovic) I of Hungary to the Saxons in Brașov in 1353. This document, written in Latin, referred to taxes, military obligations and social, economic and juridical problems.
Str. G Bariţiu 34 nu 24!
How to get there:
The Blacksmiths’ Bastion is situated only 4min walking distance away from the Council Square in Brașov.
By bus: From Brașov train station, take bus #4 to Livada Poștei station and then take a 9min walk to the bastion.