The National History Museum is one of the most representative museums in Romania. Built in neoclassical style, with a monumental portico resting on ten Doric columns, it is an architectural jewel. Situated in the Post Palace, it is perhaps the richest museum in the country in what regards its patrimony. The museum, founded in 1971, gathered the most valuable exhibits throughout the country, acquiring its prestige after 1990, by organizing famous exhibitions in Europe and across the ocean. In the past, here lied the Constantin Vodă Inn, in whose basement is now housed Romania’s National Treasury.
Inside, the museum houses and exhibits numerous objects with a great architectural and historical value. The most impressive ones are included in the permanent displays: the Lapidarium (ground floor), the Historical Treasury and Trajan’s Column (basement). Also, due to rehabilitation works, the permanent exhibitions and temporary exhibitions housed in the museum’s hall are, at the moment, the only ones open for visitors.
The Lapidarium exhibits items dating from the Greek, Roman and medieval periods. Some of them were civil (documents, decrees or honorific monuments), others were religious (funerary and votive monuments), and there is an important part of the collections which reunites valuable items in the field of sculpture, decorative art and architecture.
Between 1940 and 1943, a copy of Trajan’s Column was built by masters from Vatican. After many diplomatic conversations, the Column was brought to Romania in 1967, entering the patrimony of the Village Museum as, at that time, the Post Palace was not yet transformed into the History Museum. It was exhibited at the History Museum of the Communist Party and enjoyed an impressive number of visitors from all over the country.
The Historical Treasury contains two very valuable discoveries made on the territory of Romania: the treasuries found in Pietroasa and in Apahida. The Pietroasa Treasury, aslo known as “the Hen with the Golden Chickens”, was discovered in 1837 by two peasants. Although it was composed from 22 gold items, the authorities could recover only 12 items, weighing 19kg. The Apahida Treasury was discovered in the surroundings of Cluj-Napoca in three distinctive stages: in 1889, 1968 and 1979. It contains valuable objects found in three princely tombs attributed to the Germanic tribe of the Gepids.
In the museum’s 8,000 sqm, visitors can discover proofs of the human activity on the territory of Romania dating from the Paleolithic (600,000 – 6,000 years BC), the culture of the Geto-Dacians or details about the transformation of Dacia in a Roman province after the Dacian-Roman wars. You can also follow the country’s historical line by finding out more information on the medieval society, the 1848 Revolution, attaining the country’s independence, the initiation of the two World Wars and the Russian influence on Romania.
Summer schedule (from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October)
Wednesday – Sunday: 10:00 – 18:00
Wednesday – Sunday: 9:00 – 17:00
Monday, Tuesday – closed
General price: 8 lei
Pupils, students, Euro 26 card holders, disabled people and seniors: 2 lei
Free entrance: on the 26 of each month
How to get there:
By car: From Henri Coandă International Airport, take Calea Bucureştilor and then go straight following Şoseaua Bucureşti-Ploieşti and Şoseaua Kiseleff. From Victoria Square, follow Victory Avenue until you reach the National History Museum.
By bus/metro: Get down at Universitate, Izvor or Piața Unirii 2 stations, depending on where you are coming from. The National History Museum is in a 10min walking distance from the respective stations.