A natural landscape unique in Europe and a major tourist attraction, Biosphere Reservation, Chilia, Sf. Gheorghe, Sulina, the Black Sea, the Danube Delta, the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, the Danube River, UNESCO, World Heritage Site
A natural landscape unique in Europe and a major tourist attraction, the Danube Delta is a true heaven for flora and fauna. It is the place where the Danube River flows into the Black Sea. Stretching for approximately 4000 square kilometres between the arms of the Danube – Chilia, Sulina and Sf. Gheorghe – the Delta is a very young land. Declared a Biosphere Reservation in 1990 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site the following year, this is a veritable realm of waters.
Almost 50% of the surface is temporarily below water, 45% is permanently covered in water, and just 5% is dry land. A wild, luxuriant, primordial vegetation covers these areas. The delta is, in fact, a labyrinth of channels, swamps, lakes and endless corridors of reed. The forest from Letea is the most spectacular, because of its centuries-old oaks and sub tropical lianas.
The Danube Delta is a natural habitat for a multitude of species of plants (the most widespread being reeds, white willow and sedge) and animals. In spring and autumn, more than 300 species of migratory birds come to the Delta, which is renowned for its nesting colonies. It is, for example, home to the greatest number of pelican colonies in Europe. The best period for the bird watching programmes is between April and September. Also, more than 1200 species of plants and 100 species of fish have been identified in the Delta.
The boat is an indispensable means of transportation, both for the fisherman and for tourists interested in bird watching. Boat tours can be arranged down the main channel of the Delta, Sulina, and you can even rent small boats to enter the backwaters. Canoes, kayaks or rowing boats are best for exploration and fishing.
There is a wide range of accommodation on offer, from modern hotels to traditional wooden houses and floating hotels. If all the pensions are full – as it is very possible between May and September -, you will surely find bed and breakfast accommodation in a welcoming private home. The traditional fish dishes are held in great esteem in this region, so do not wonder why you’ll have fish in your plate from the appetizer to the dessert. Try one of the dry wines from the Murfatlar vineyard in southern Dobrogea, Sec de Murfatlar.
Tourists’ access in the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve is allowed only on the basis of an access permit and it is conditioned by the payment of an access fee. Even if it is not expensive, it is definitely worth buying, as the Danube Delta offers unforgettable sunsets, the same as the sunrises seen from the shore of the Black Sea.
The Romanian seaside stretches from Cape Midia in the north to Vama Veche in the south. Most of the seaside resorts are to be found south of Constanta, the main city of Dobrogea and the largest Romanian port on the Black Sea.
Romania’s Black Sea coast welcomes its tourists with sunshine, warm water and white beaches. Due to the popularity of summer resorts such as Mamaia, Costinesti and Vama Veche, it’s best to book your holiday in advance. The up to 5 stars hotels, pensions and villas have good conditions for accommodation and meals. Spend your evenings in one of the numerous restaurants, bars and clubs which offer programs for all tastes.
The coastline of Romania, with its flat relief, is much exposed to the sun. The lack of humidity makes it the ideal place for mud therapy, but the region also provides other types of natural cures, such as atmospheric aerosols or thermal waters.
However, sunbathing and treatments are not the only things you can do here. The Romanian seaside resorts offer a wide range of leisure activities. You can enjoy water sports (diving, boat and water bike rides, ski jet, wind-surfing, paragliding launches etc) or go to Aqua Magic Water Park in Mamaia.